How to Monitor Wildlife

Andrew JohnsonNatural Resources, Natural Resources Comments

How to monitor wildlife

Monitor Something that Really Matters – Northern B.C.’s Wildlife!

The best part about trekking or working outdoors in Northern B.C. is being able to experience the fabulous abundance of wildlife!

Sadly, many industrial and recreational activities can have a harmful effect on wildlife. Such negative factors include habitat loss, degradation of habitat, increased access for hunting and trapping, vehicle collisions, noise pollution, introduction of new species and climate change.

But don’t fret! There are steps you can take to as an Environmental Monitor to help mitigate these negative impacts on wildlife. In the pre-construction phase, wildlife surveys are carried out to help ensure wildlife awareness and sustainability. Direct methods involved in wildlife monitoring surveying include areal counts, marking and recapture practices, nest monitoring, radial telemetry, and bird point counts. In-direct methods include track, scat, habitat and pellet surveys, as well as taking hair samples.

During the construction phase of a project, most wildlife surveys are conducted in the in-direct method of surveying. Construction phase surveying for wildlife monitoring includes conducting both presence and absence surveys. Any form of presence is accepted and included in wildlife monitoring surveys. In this process, monitors record a variety of presence factors, including sight, sound, scat, footprints, smell, and markings of territory, nest, den, burrow, path or chewed vegetation.

Did you know: A tree with a nest in it, as well as the trees directly surrounding it, are required to remain standing on a project site? Once a nest is discovered near the area of construction, a professional must inspect it to determine its status. If the status of the nest is active, an appropriate buffer will be implemented and no further work will commenced within that buffer. From this point an Environmental or Wildlife Monitor will be required to regularly monitor the nest until it can be pronounced as inactive.

Get the run down on how to keep our wildlife critters safe with the Wildlife Monitoring course, included in UNBC Continuing Studies’ Environmental Monitoring Certificate!